Pi-hole Migrate From Lighttpd Server to Nginx

In this post, I will share My Experience How I Migrate the Existing Server to Nginx. By default, Pi-hole Install and Configure the Lighttpd Server Webadmin Panel.

Before Migrating your Server to Nginx you need to make some changes in Pi-hole Setup File

  • Open the File /etc/pihole/setupVars.conf
  • replace true with false for the value INSTALL_WEB_SERVER and LIGHTTPD_ENABLED
INSTALL_WEB_SERVER=false
LIGHTTPD_ENABLED=false
  • Save the Settings don’t restart the Pi-hole

Setup Nginx

  • install Nginx on your web server
  • install required PHP packages – I recommend PHP 7.4
  • Configure Nginx for Pi-hole web admin
  • Create a New File pihole.conf
  • Add this Below Configuration to the Newly Created File
server {
listen 80;
listen [::]:80;
server_name blocker.example.com;

root /var/www/html;
index pihole/index.php index.php index.html index.htm;

charset UTF-8;

if ($scheme = http) {
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=63072000;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
}
server {
listen 443 ssl http2;
listen [::]:443 ssl http2;

root /var/www/html;
server_name blocker.example.com;
autoindex off;

index pihole/index.php index.php index.html index.htm;

charset UTF-8;

if ($scheme = http) {
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=63072000;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;

location / {
expires max;
try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
}

location ~ \.php$ {
include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root/$fastcgi_script_name;
fastcgi_param FQDN true;
auth_basic "Restricted"; # For Basic Auth
auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd; # For Basic Auth
add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=63072000;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
}

location /*.js {
index pihole/index.js;
}

location /admin {
root /var/www/html;
index index.php index.html index.htm;
#include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
#fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.4-fpm.sock;
#fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root/$fastcgi_script_name;
auth_basic "Restricted"; # For Basic Auth
auth_basic_user_file /etc/nginx/.htpasswd; # For Basic Auth
add_header Strict-Transport-Security max-age=63072000;
add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
add_header X-Frame-Options SAMEORIGIN;
add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
}

location ~ /\.ht {
deny all;
}

ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/blocker.example.com/fullchain.pem; # managed by Certbot
ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/blocker.example.com/privkey.pem; # managed by Certbot
include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-nginx.conf; # managed by Certbot
ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem; # managed by Certbot

}
sudo apt-get install apache2-utils -y
htpasswd -c /etc/nginx/.htpasswd username
  • verify your Nginx Configuration
nginx -t

Pi-hole Migrate From Lighttpd Server to Nginx

  • Stop and Disable the Lighttpd Server
service lighttpd stop

systemctl disable lighttpd
  • Update ownership and Permission
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html

chmod -R 755 /var/www/html
  • Admin Panel Access to the database
usermod -aG pihole www-data
  • Update the pool Group in PHP-FPM
sed -i 's/group = www-data/group = pihole/g' /etc/php/7.4/fpm/pool.d/www.conf
  • Restart the FPM
systemctl restart php7.4-fpm
  • Enable Nginx Symlink
 sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/pihole.conf /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/pihole.conf
  • Reload and Restart the Nginx server
service nginx reload
service nginx restart
  • Finally, restart the Pi-hole and Now it serves the Pi-hole web admin panel via Nginx server
 systemctl restart pihole-FTL
  • That’s all doneĀ  – Successfully Migrate From Lighttpd Server to Nginx

 

if you have doubts regarding this please drop your comments here I will Guide you.

Reference

 

by Santhosh Veer
Blogger - Web developer - Open Source Lover

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